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model N offers new earnings management and channel efficiency capabilities model N, Inc., a company of cloud revenue management options, is introducing new income management and channel performance capabilities as a part of its Fall 2020 excessive tech product unencumber, together with expanded synthetic intelligence (AI) and laptop discovering (ML) capabilities. The latest liberate of income Cloud for top Tech aligns mannequin N’s product method carefully with its purchasers’ revenue success, assisting address the continuing need for agencies to retain salary growth. model N earnings Cloud for top Tech is the industry’s premier answer for end-to-conclusion salary management, stopping income leakage with the aid of bridging the gap between front-workplace and returned-workplace procedures and serving as the business gadget of checklist for earnings execution and channel automation. New aspects in the Fall 2020 product unlock deliver extra AI- and ML-pushed intelligence, key factors in growing to be topline salary and maximizing margins, in addition to automation for pricing, deal administration, and channel automation capabilities. selected elements and performance in model N’s Fall 2020 release include: price Optimization and administration – subsequent-generation price optimization and administration facets for developing high-value deals and cross-tier pricing ranges. Channel network – Enabling channel partners to appropriate data submissions by the use of a self-carrier portal, for greater productive records submission and faster access to more accurate channel income information. Rebate administration – For speedy creation and execution of new incentive and rebate courses, together with a wide variety of prebuilt targeted templates, skill to tackle heaps of desires/and advantages across a large set of products, and software efficiency evaluation via precise-time intelligence. artificial Intelligence and machine learning – With AI and ML capabilities to permit new, clever, in-context, company insights, including optimized pricing and product suggestions. “Our Fall 2020 product liberate is in reality in sync with what is occurring in excessive tech, assisting the trade with the aid of offering subsequent-era points and performance,” noted Suresh Kannan, chief product officer at mannequin N. “model N is among the first revenue management providers to introduce and prolong expense optimization and AI/ML options for the complete earnings lifecycle.” through enabling high tech companies to automate their channel partner networks and extra easily manipulate incentive, promotion and rebate classes, model N continues to help its valued clientele in making partners extra self-adequate, opening new avenues for earnings boom. For extra information about this free up, talk over with Please enable JavaScript to view the feedback powered by Disqus. improving Portfolio assessment: Addressing Challenges in Transition to Eportfolio In nursing training, portfolios have been increasingly used as a tool to display evidence of scholars’ most useful educational work and to exhibit their capabilities developed over time (eco-friendly et al., 2014). Portfolios additionally support college students scrutinize their educational progression by way of offering them a chance to document, examine, and show off their preprofessional accomplishments (Gwozdek et al., 2013). From a curricular viewpoint, portfolios give educators with formative and summative evaluation data to measure their respective program’s success of pupil studying results (SLOs) and accreditation standards (i.e., portfolio assessment [Hickey et al., 2017; Rosetti et al., 2012]). as a result of advances in information know-how (IT) and the incorporation of informatics into nursing curricula (American association of colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2008; countrywide League for Nursing [NLN], 2008), a midwestern baccalaureate nursing application transitioned from a paper-based device to an electronic portfolio (eportfolio) gadget. different measures were additionally applied all through the transition to increase the portfolio evaluation application. this article presents the challenges encountered and the ideas used within the software’s successful transition to an eportfolio gadget. The instructions realized from the imaginitive transition could advantage different schools in enhancing their own portfolio evaluation programs. history Portfolios have been an essential component of application evaluation during this specific nursing software for very nearly 25 years. although, as the Portfolio Committee started planning for the eportfolio transition, there became a great decline in the satisfactory of scholar portfolios. hence, planning included a complete examination of the portfolio application to address the problem. The Portfolio evaluation process at the end of their remaining semester in the software, college students are required to publish a portfolio inclusive of at the least four of their gold standard assignments from a lot of classes right through the application. The portfolios may still additionally consist of a cover letter explaining how these premier assignments facts their success of the program’s SLOs. The general size of graduating courses is around 60 students; the previous four semesters have viewed a low of 52 students and a excessive of 69. Out of all the portfolios submitted each semester, half of the portfolios, or at the least 30, are randomly selected by way of the college for portfolio assessment. The 30 portfolios minimal turned into based basically on the availability and workload skill of portfolio reviewers and, to a lesser extent, by means of ancient minimal pattern size convention. The portfolios are evaluated in accordance with a rubric with standards that displays the program’s SLOs, which were dependent in line with the AACN baccalaureate necessities (2008) and nice and safety schooling for Nurses (QSEN) knowledge (2020). every portfolio is scored on each and every criterion in keeping with a Likert-type scale via two faculty reviewers. The college scores are then averaged to check the exact rankings for the portfolio. Portfolios are not covered in pupil grading (the contents of which have already been graded of their old lessons), but as prior to now outlined, they are a requirement in a single of their remaining final courses in the application. A benchmark was created—requiring that eighty five% of portfolios meet the corresponding standards—to check even if college students are assembly SLOs. This serves to establish curricular gaps and promote the construction of curricular interventions to shut the assessment remarks loop. thus, portfolio evaluation has been a must-have in program performance and the accreditation procedure for this software (Hickey et al., 2017; Rosetti et al., 2012). electronic Portfolios With advances in IT and the advice to include informatics into nursing curricula by means of each the NLN (2008) and AACN (2008), a growing variety of nursing programs have adopted portfolios with a selected interest in the digital format (Riden & Buckley, 2016; Wassef et al., 2012). it’s smartly-perceived that the digital structure of portfolios would raise college students’ interactions with IT and ease their manner of gathering, preserving, and updating direction artifacts. it will additionally give stronger portability and accessibility for their portfolios (Anderson et al., 2017). With these issues, the nursing application determined to transition from the paper-based device to eportfolios. obstacles to positive Portfolio evaluation Between the Spring 2016 and Fall 2017 semesters, scholar portfolios more and more didn’t meet the software’s benchmark for the portfolio standards. In Fall 2017, the ultimate time the paper-primarily based equipment become used, pupil portfolios did not meet the benchmark in six of the eight areas of portfolio criteria. This led to problem for contributors of the Portfolio Committee, prompting an investigation. To assess the foundation explanation for the declining performance, scholar and school surveys have been carried out. The committee additionally conducted an in-depth, 2d portfolio analysis of in the past scored portfolios to validate the pleasant of submitted materials in opposition t the portfolio criteria. in the student survey, students pronounced perceptions of the portfolio application as being of “little price” to their professional building and fully for the advantage of the nursing program, thereby impacting their motivation to engage within the method. there have been complaints that the portfolio software become no longer communicated neatly to students until close to the mandatory date of submission. hence, many students had been now not capable of adequately retailer assignments from outdated courses and had to scramble to find them, resulting in haphazard submissions. college comments printed that the paper-primarily based portfolio evaluation process, performed at the college of nursing every semester by way of the faculty as a group, was time-constrained. up to 55% of faculty indicated that the time commitment to attend the overview turned into the least really useful factor of portfolio assessment. college participation became depressed, leaving fewer reviewers with an improved workload. additional, the review classes afforded school most effective 1 hour to assessment four to five portfolios, with every portfolio consisting of 4 assignments (some with greater than 20 pages) and one cover letter. The reviews became rushed and lacked thoroughness. The number of faculty who rated the technique as “very convenient” also declined from 38% in 2016 to 15% in 2017. There became additionally concern that the portfolio standards lacked clarity among faculty and students. college students regarded unaware of the portfolio criteria when choosing assignments for his or her portfolio. This was evident of their cowl letters, which didn’t correctly clarify how the submitted assignments met the particular criteria. It turned into also decided that since the rubric criteria for scoring have been vague and wide (e.g., “The pupil’s portfolio evaluates exceptional development involving patient care”), transformations in criteria interpretation among college have been frequent and contributed to scoring inconsistencies. within the conclusion, the committee concluded that there turned into a scarcity of buy-in and uniform realizing of the portfolio criteria amongst college students and college. although, these challenges can be addressed through a smartly-planned transition to the eportfolio equipment. formula the following innovations have been carried out to tackle the challenges recognized. To determine the efficiency of the eportfolio system and the effectiveness of the ideas used, faculty and scholar surveys persevered after each and every portfolio submission and overview. faculty participation and scholar achievement of portfolio benchmarks have been additionally tracked for improvement. strategy 1: Collaboration With the IT branch The portfolio committee sought collaboration with the school’s IT branch to design an eportfolio system within Blackboard™, the researching management platform of the college. Two goals have been centered for the system: (a) to create an uncomplicated, person-pleasant system for college students to create and put up their eportfolios; and (b) to allow college to review eportfolios on-line asynchronously, give flexibility, and dispose of the time constraints of the paper-based evaluation. To prevent complicating the equipment and the latest lessons, it become determined early on that a stand-on my own eportfolio path could be mandatory. a few gadget building meetings have been held the place the IT branch introduced the initial design in line with the committee’s conceptualization, redesigned the gadget as critical, and presented it once again to the committee except the system turned into ready for testing. Then, a prototype direction turned into created to test how the system would tackle submissions and college evaluate. as soon as the equipment performed in response to the committee’s requisites, the legit eportfolio course became created. strategy 2: college students as Stakeholders and Ambassadors scholar membership on the committee was extended from two to eight students to stress that students had been valued stakeholders and companions within the portfolio evaluation program. scholar participants have been closely worried in revising the portfolio guidelines for students, such because the introduction of the step-through-step guides for compiling and submitting assignments and the portfolio template for formatting portfolios. student contributors additionally served as ambassadors to the student physique and visited lecture rooms to clarify to college students the manner, importance, and benefits of the portfolio program, professionally (e.g., scholar portfolios could be introduced to potential employers as proof of their building and achievements towards expert nursing) and programmatically (e.g., portfolio evaluation improves and ensures a high quality curriculum and application for the college students). on the suggestion of the college students, the committee also created an quite simply purchasable portfolio supplies tab on the faculty’s internal website. strategy three: Descriptors of the Assignments for Rubric To achieve a extra uniform knowing and utility of the standards within the portfolio rubric, the committee revisited the origins of the portfolio criteria such as the AACN baccalaureate necessities (2008), QSEN expertise (2007), and application SLOs. explicit, significant descriptors of the assignments anticipated of the college students were then developed to outline and specify the key aspects of each and every criterion. This resulted in a revised and elevated rubric, incorporating the identical descriptors, to increase the objectivity and consistency in scoring among college. for example, the excellent growth criterion changed into revised to include the descriptor “Assignments that use data to monitor the effects of care procedures and development strategies as a way to design and examine changes and continually enrich the first-class and protection of health care programs.” The normal informatics criterion (i.e., “The pupil’s portfolio comprises guidance management concepts, ideas, and techniques obligatory to deliver nursing care”) changed into increased to encompass the descriptor “Assignments that require the use of affected person care technologies and assistance administration to communicate, manipulate knowledge, mitigate error, and aid resolution making.” The descriptors had been additionally covered within the portfolio instruction sheet to inform students about the most excellent assignments to encompass in their portfolio to display their achievement of the SLOs and meet the criteria. method 4: faculty Orientation a college eportfolio orientation became conducted before each portfolio evaluation. The orientation blanketed a discussion of the magnitude of the portfolio program in software assessment, contrast, and curriculum design. The standards in the accelerated rubric have been additionally reviewed, stressing the want for consistency amongst all faculty when scoring assignments. A step-by-step guide become also supplied to reveal how to access and ranking the portfolios electronically, along with observe in reviewing and scoring a pattern portfolio. Portfolio committee members were attainable to answer questions and e book faculty all the way through the rehearsal. After orientation, school had been allowed 2 weeks to evaluate two to 3 portfolios. on the end of every portfolio assessment cycle, school and student surveys have been conducted to consider the process and collect feedback for additional growth. results After the transition, the college surveys indicated that responding college (N = 20 earlier than eportfolio; N = 18 postimplementation) who strongly agreed on the cost of portfolio in evaluating SLOs expanded from forty% as much as fifty five%. Half of the college perceived the eportfolio on-line evaluation technique as very effortless, compared with 15% for the paper-based mostly overview. moreover, 88% of responding college pronounced that the accelerated portfolio rubric changed into clear, and 100% also agreed that the instructions for scoring eportfolios on-line have been clear. feedback about the electronic assessment of eportfolios were also overwhelmingly superb involving its flexibility, convenience, and the amount of time required to complete an intensive evaluation. school participation in portfolio reports also expanded from 20 of 60 in the final paper-based mostly assessment to greater than 50% in Spring and Fall 2019. in accordance with the scholar survey feedback, some students still did not discover the price of the portfolios to be a good option to them. nevertheless, student responses after the full implementation of techniques indicated that eighty three% of responding college students understood the goal of the portfolio program. however there became bad participation in the preliminary survey, which limits conclusions that may also be made, those that described the process as “effortless” to “very convenient” improved from fifty six% to eighty% when queried concerning the ease of the submission manner before (N = sixteen, response rate = 29.6%) and after the whole implementation of strategies (N = 36, response price = 69.2%). extra students additionally replied to the latter survey than the preliminary survey, which might also indicate elevated purchase-in. The improvement in the benchmark ratings of scholar portfolios changed into probably the most consequential effect of all the strategies used. After the introduction of eportfolio, benchmark deficits diminished from 6 of eight criteria in Fall 2017 to 1 criterion in the Spring 2018. pupil portfolios met the entire benchmark standards for the SLOs in Fall 2019. the entire turnaround was lauded with the aid of the school as an exemplar of outcomes assessment all the way through the university midcycle reporting of SLOs by means of the college in Fall 2018. dialogue besides the fact that children some classes in health care training all started to undertake eportfolios within the 2000s (gray et al., 2019), others faced challenges in replacing the paper structure with eportfolios (Collins & Crawley, 2016). this text gifts positive recommendations to help nurse educators who could be transitioning to an eportfolio system. fantastically, the most challenging factor of the transition to eportfolio turned into not the electronic transition. With suggestions from the IT branch, the transition become simple, aided by means of the dry runs within the prototype portfolio direction, which eradicated complications before the specific deployment. the most challenging factor become the purchase-in from both college students and college, which took two to 3 semesters to establish. The involvement of scholar individuals in smoothing out the submission method and the dissemination of tips to the the rest of the pupil body become key to student purchase-in (Ryan, 2018). The portfolio orientation, observe periods, and the flexibleness and convenience of the on-line portfolio overview have been instrumental in college purchase-in. for this reason, engagement within the plan, counseled merits, familiarity with the protocols, ease of use, and time commitment may increase portfolio acceptability and results (Garrett et al., 2013; Vachon et al., 2018). despite the fact, the a success eportfolio transition can not be attributed to the improvements of the portfolio assessment method on my own. according to the benchmark deficits, instructors additionally created or modified course assignments, primarily geared toward addressing these deficits, closing the feedback loop, and making it clearer for students to determine assignments for his or her portfolios. Undeniably, the focus of the portfolio application as an exemplar by way of the university, the curricular advancements made, and the drastic development in benchmark results additionally supplied the momentum towards improved school participation and engagement. Conclusion A smartly-designed and neatly-articulated portfolio assessment application provides faculty with the opportunity to evaluate scholar outcomes, assess no matter if student abilities and gaining knowledge of outcomes are being accomplished, and reply as a consequence to increase curriculum greater effectively. buy-in is additionally fundamental for a a success portfolio application. pupil and college cooperation and participation is ensured when all and sundry is familiar with the purpose, use, and benefits of the portfolio program to curriculum, program, faculty, and college students. References American association of colleges of Nursing. (2008). The necessities of baccalaureate schooling for expert nursing observe. Anderson, okay. M., DesLauriers, P., Horvath, C. H., Slota, M. & Farley, J. N. (2017). From metacognition to apply cognition: The DNP e-portfolio to advertise integrated studying. Journal of Nursing education, fifty six(8), 497–500 doi:10.3928/01484834-20170712-09 [CrossRef] PMID:28787073 Collins, E. & Crawley, J. (2016). Introducing ePortfolios into nursing colleges. Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand, 22(5), 34–35. Garrett, B. M., MacPhee, M. & Jackson, C. (2013). assessment of an eportfolio for the assessment of medical competence in a baccalaureate nursing software. Nurse training nowadays, 33, 1207–1213 doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.015 [CrossRef] PMID: grey, M., Downer, T. & Capper, T. (2019). Australian midwifery student’s perceptions of the benefits and challenges associated with completing a portfolio of facts for preliminary registration: Paper primarily based and ePortfolios. Nurse training in apply, 39, 37–forty four doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2019.07.003 [CrossRef] PMID:31377679 eco-friendly, J., Wyllie, A. & Jackson, D. (2014). electronic portfolios in nursing education: A evaluation of the literature. Nurse education in follow, 14, 4–8 doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2013.08.011 [CrossRef] PMID: Gwozdek, A. E., Springfield, E. C. & Kerschbaum, W. E. (2013). ePortfolio: establishing a catalyst for crucial self-assessment and contrast of getting to know outcomes. Allied health, forty two(1), e11–e17 PMID:23471288 Hickey, k., Rossetti, J., Oldenburg, N., Abendroth, M., Uhlken, C., Musker, ok., Peters, B. & Paramore, P. (2017). relocating nursing software portfolio assessment form midterm to conclusion of program: lessons realized. Nurse Educator, forty two(4), 172–a hundred seventy five doi:10.1097/NNE.0000000000000343 [CrossRef] PMID: countrywide League for Nursing. (2008). making ready the subsequent generation of nurses to practice in a know-how-prosperous ambiance: An informatics agenda. doctors/default-source/professional-building-classes/preparing-the-next-era-of-nurses.pdf?sfvrsn=6 pleasant and defense schooling for Nurses. (2020). QSEN capabilities. Riden, H. & Buckley, C. (2016). First-12 months college students favour ePortfolios. Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand, 22(1), 14–15, 48. PMID:27039573 Rossetti, J., Oldenburg, N., Robertson, J.F., Coyer, S.M., Koren, M.E., Peters, B., Uhlken, C. & Musker, ok. (2012). creating a lifestyle of evidence in nursing training the usage of pupil portfolios. overseas Journal of Nursing education Scholarship, 9(1), 1–4 doi:10.1515/1548-923X.2415 [CrossRef] Ryan, J. A. (2018). Which materials are most helpful to assist building of an ePortfolio?British Journal of Nursing, 27(5), 266–271 doi:10.12968/bjon.2018.27.5.266 [CrossRef] PMID:29517326 Vachon, B., Foucault, M.-L., Giguère, C.-É., Rochette, A., Thomas, A. & Morel, M. (2018). components influencing acceptability and perceived impacts of a mandatory ePortfolio carried out by means of an occupational therapy regulatory organization. The Journal of carrying on with schooling within the health Professions, 38(1), 25–31 doi:10.1097/CEH.0000000000000182 [CrossRef] PMID: Wassef, M. E., Riza, L., Maciag, T., Worden, C. & Delaney, A. (2012). implementing a competency-primarily based electronic portfolio in a graduate nursing application. Nursing, 30(5), 242–248 doi:10.1097/NXN.0b013e31824af6d4 [CrossRef] PMID:22411410 a simple Introduction to ISDA’s IBOR Fallbacks supplement and Protocol Thursday, November 19, 2020 On October 23, 2020, the foreign Swaps and Derivatives affiliation, Inc. (“ISDA”) launched its tons anticipated IBOR Fallbacks supplement to the 2006 ISDA Definitions (the “complement”) and the ISDA 2020 IBOR Fallbacks Protocol (the “Protocol”) to address the expected cessation of LIBOR and a number of different interbank provided costs (“IBORs”) at the conclusion of 2021. This marks a big milestone in the effort by means of regulators and trade agencies to facilitate the transition of LIBOR-based mostly derivatives to option benchmark charges. it’s anticipated that adoption of the Protocol by way of the market should be widespread. The supplement and Protocol will develop into useful on January 25, 2021 (the “helpful Date”), despite the fact the Protocol is open for adherence these days (and freed from charge except the valuable Date). whereas this bulletin is not an in depth analysis of LIBOR cessation and choice benchmark costs, it’s intended to provide you with an outline of those constructive trends with the intention to aid people who may well be thinking about—or are already in the course of—forming a technique to handle their portfolio of derivatives transactions. The supplement The tremendous majority of the realm’s derivatives transactions are documented below standardized grasp agreements and definitions posted by using ISDA, peculiarly the 2006 ISDA Definitions, in addition to certain prior – however much less general iterations of the definition booklets posted by way of ISDA that are nonetheless in use1 (together, the “ISDA Definitions”). These ISDA Definitions include the floating price option definitions for LIBOR and other IBORs. The expense option definitions do include fallback provisions, but they were simplest supposed to handle brief-term disruptions to the book of LIBOR and different IBORs. With the everlasting conclusion of IBORs in sight, these existing fallback provisions would look like insufficient to make sure a smooth transition to choice benchmark charges. The supplement resolves this quandary by amending these expense alternative definitions – basically – through introducing certain objective and observable trigger movements for each and every IBOR and the choice benchmark fee that such IBOR will “fall returned” to. by means of issuing the complement, ISDA has lead the way ahead for all new transactions entered into after the positive Date. In other words, all derivatives transactions entered into on or after the useful Date of the supplement will contain the terms and prerequisites with a view to book the transition away from LIBOR and other IBORs when the time comes. The Protocol What about latest transactions? here’s what the Protocol was designed to address. The Protocol enables parties to derivatives transactions to bilaterally amend their current transactions to include the terms and stipulations which are contained in the supplement. Adherents to the Protocol will agree that derivative transactions that they have entered into with other adherents ahead of the beneficial Date of the supplement will contain the terms of the complement regardless of when the transactions had been entered into. The Protocol will cowl the universe of ISDA-based mostly documentation2 in addition to many non ISDA-based mostly agreements3 that are linked to the ISDA Definitions or otherwise reference an IBOR. In a sense, the Protocol paves the way backwards for all latest transactions entered into prior to the positive Date. looks like an awful lot to take up? a straightforward solution to suppose about here is to use the advantageous Date as a dividing line. On January 25, 2021, all derivatives trades placed from that aspect ahead will comprise the phrases of the complement. Derivatives trades entered into ahead of that date – if amended throughout the Protocol – will also comprise the terms of the supplement. These overlapping gadgets are intended to align, creating a standardized and absolutely synchronized benchmark replacement mechanism throughout all (present and new) derivatives transactions. Do I deserve to adhere? it will be noted that there is no criminal or regulatory requirement to adhere to the Protocol. ISDA has provided quite a lot of sorts of bilateral agreements and different slot-in template provisions for events to make use of. These kinds allow two parties to comply with contain the phrases of the Protocol, both verbatim or field to adjustments agreed to between the parties. while parties have the alternative to bilaterally amend their transactions – and there are actually situations the place it’s useful to do so – the Protocol gives events with a good answer the place a celebration has distinct counterparties. in addition, regulators have strongly encouraged regulated monetary institutions and market individuals to adhere to the Protocol4 . consequently, it is going to be expected that swap purchasers will, in flip, on the spot their counterparties to stick. Regulators within the U.S. and the european have also offered comfort that amendments to current transactions for functions of changing the benchmark fallbacks will not set off any further requirements, equivalent to margin necessities, beneath their respective swap regulatory regimes. different concerns LIBOR is the realm’s most normal benchmark and is pervasive throughout the world economic equipment. it is the benchmark for over US $350 trillion in economic contracts global, and so a transition method should still give consideration to all sources of publicity. Many use pastime expense derivatives to hedge the floating rate of interest beneath a credit facility or mortgage. These market members should accept as true with if and how the floating hobby price beneath that instrument will be adjusted and the way such adjustment will evaluate to alterations to any linked by-product transaction made bilaterally or in the course of the Protocol. It could be appropriate to doc matching fallback terms and triggers across each devices on the equal time in an effort to make sure that such gadgets transition in the same means. in addition, if the mortgage instrument requires consent from an administrative agent or lenders to amend such pastime expense derivative, market members should still ensure that appropriate consents are got ahead of amending the by-product transaction or adhering to the Protocol. where there’s a mortgage-degree hedging software or a “returned-to-lower back” constitution in location, it may well be a good option to take a hybrid approach to address your derivatives portfolio. as an instance, regional and/or community banks that make the most of these programs can also want to use bilateral agreements to tackle any customer-facing derivatives while applying the Protocol for his or her offsetting broking-facet derivatives transactions. The bilateral method is probably going to be exceptionally valuable in instances where a lender can also have negotiated a customised fallback cost or fee adjustment mechanism in their agreements. additionally, because the Protocol also amends a big range of non-ISDA based agreements, bilaterally amending derivatives transactions will enable events to slim the scope of the complement to exclude these different agreements where it is attractive or applicable. whereas many transition challenges remain, the complement and Protocol symbolize a significant step ahead for the derivatives market in terms of LIBOR cessation.  1The 1991 ISDA Definitions (as amended by means of the 1998 supplement), the 1998 ISDA Euro Definitions, and the 2000 ISDA Definitions.2See the “Definitions” part of the Protocol beginning on page 12.3See the “Annex” section of the Protocol starting on web page 23.4

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