Blood Glucose Charts For Diabetics
Blood Glucose Charts For Diabetics – The A1C test is a blood test that measures a person’s average sugar levels over the past 3 months. Blood sugar is another name for blood sugar.
Keeping A1C levels in the normal or target range can reduce the risk of developing diabetes and its complications. Read on to find out what A1C test results mean.
Blood Glucose Charts For Diabetics
The A1C chart below can help a person interpret and understand their A1C test results. A doctor can provide more context and describe ways to keep blood sugar levels within a safe range.
Diabetes And Glucose Control
The A1C test measures the percentage of red blood cells that have coated hemoglobin with glucose. This measurement gives doctors an idea of a person’s average sugar levels over the past 2-3 months.
Hemoglobin is an iron protein in red blood cells. It helps carry oxygen from the lungs to other tissues.
When sugar enters the blood, it binds to hemoglobin. The more sugar in a person’s blood, the more hemoglobin binds to sugar.
Taking the A1C test is easy: a healthcare professional takes a blood sample and sends it to a lab for testing.
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If a person takes insulin to treat diabetes, their doctor may also ask them to check their blood sugar levels at home with a blood glucose meter, and to monitor their blood sugar regularly.
Traditionally, A1C levels are expressed as percentages. For example, it can be reported as an estimate of average glucose (eAG), in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), millimoles per liter (mmol/L).
Blood glucose meters with continuous glucose monitoring will display eAG readings, some from 12 days of data.
The A1C test is more accurate over the long term. It takes into account changes throughout the day, such as at night and after meals.
Stages Of Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes
If a person’s A1C levels are higher than normal, they may have diabetes or pre-diabetes. Your doctor may order a second test to confirm this.
A doctor determines a person’s A1C level based on several factors. The right goal varies from person to person.
A person should work with their doctor to review and adjust their A1C goals over time. The condition and treatment goals may vary.
To check for diabetes, a doctor may order an A1C test for anyone over the age of 45. He does the same for young people who have other risk factors.
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If a person is meeting their treatment goals, they may need an A1C test twice a year. When blood sugar levels are difficult to control, people are more interested in this test.
Anyone who develops any of the above symptoms or notices other changes in their health should notify their doctor.
A doctor may order an A1C test to find out if a person has diabetes, type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Doctors also use this test to monitor blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. to see how well their treatment plan is working.
A1C test results are usually in percentages, but are also available as eAG measurements. A1C levels vary from person to person, depending on age, general health, and other factors.
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High A1C levels may indicate that a person has diabetes or is at high risk of related complications. In this case, the doctor and the person will work together to adjust the course of treatment.
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Your doctor may ask you to take one or more of the following blood tests to confirm the diagnosis:
The A1C test measures your average blood sugar level over the past two to three months. An A1C below 5.7% is normal, between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates you have pre-diabetes, and 6.5% or higher indicates pre-diabetes. diabetes.
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Blood sugar is measured after an overnight fast (not eating). A fasting glucose level of 99 mg/dL or less is normal, 100 to 125 mg/dL indicates you have prediabetes, and 126 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes. you
Blood sugar is measured before and after drinking water containing sugar. You will fast (not eat) the night before the test and have your blood drawn to determine your fasting glucose level. You drink water and check your blood sugar level one, two or three hours later. After two hours, a blood sugar level of 140 mg/dL or less is considered normal, 140 to 199 mg/dL indicates you have prediabetes, and 200 mg/ dL or higher indicates that you have diabetes.
It will measure your blood sugar while you are being tested. You can take this test at any time, there is no need to fast (not eat) first. A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes.
*Results for gestational diabetes vary. Ask your doctor what your results mean if you are being tested for gestational diabetes. Source: American Diabetes Association
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If your doctor thinks you have type 1 diabetes, your blood will also be tested for autoantibodies (antibodies that indicate your body is attacking itself) and will detect type 1 diabetes but not diabetes. type 2. Your urine is tested for ketones (produced when your body burns fat for energy), which indicates type 1 diabetes instead of type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed through blood tests. You may be tested between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. If you have a higher risk of developing familial diabetes (due to higher risk factors), your doctor will test you earlier. Higher blood sugar levels in early pregnancy may indicate type 1 or type 2 diabetes, not gestational diabetes.
It will measure your blood sugar while you are being tested. You drink water that contains sugar, and then one hour later your blood is drawn to check your sugar level. A normal result is 140 mg/dL or less. If your level is higher than 140 mg/dL, you should get tested for diabetes.
Blood sugar is measured before and after drinking water containing sugar. You will fast (not eat) the night before the test and have your blood drawn to determine your fasting glucose level. You drink water and check your blood sugar level one, two or three hours later. Results may vary depending on how much sugar you drink and how often you test your blood sugar. Ask your doctor what the test results mean.
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If your test results show that you have pre-diabetes, ask your doctor or nurse if there are lifestyle change programs offered by the National Diabetes Prevention Program in your community. You can also search for programs online or in person. Having pre-diabetes increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but joining the program can reduce your risk by 58% (71% if you’re over 60).
If your test results show you have type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes, talk to your doctor or nurse about a detailed treatment plan—including diabetes management education and support services—and options specific things you can do to improve your health.
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A1c Chart: Test, Levels, And More For Diabetes
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