How To Administer Im Injection

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How To Administer Im Injection – Medically reviewed by Avi Varma, MD, MPH, AAHIVS, FAAFP — By Jacquelyn Cafasso — Updated April 11, 2022

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How To Administer Im Injection

How To Administer Im Injection

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Intramuscular Injection Vector Art Stock Images

An intramuscular injection is a technique used to deliver medicine deep into the muscles. This allows the medicine to be absorbed quickly into the blood.

You may have received an intramuscular injection at the doctor’s office the last time you received a vaccine, such as the flu shot.

In some cases, a person can also administer an intramuscular injection. For example, certain drugs that treat multiple sclerosis or rheumatoid arthritis may require a single injection.

Intramuscular injections are a common practice in modern medicine. They are used to administer medicines and vaccines. Several drugs and almost all injectable vaccines are given this way.

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Intramuscular injections may be used instead of intravenous injections because some drugs irritate the veins or because a suitable vein cannot be found.

They can be used instead of oral administration because the digestive system destroys some medicines when they are swallowed.

Intramuscular injections are absorbed more quickly than subcutaneous injections. This is because muscle tissue has a greater blood supply than subcutaneous tissue. Muscle tissue may also contain a greater volume of drug than subcutaneous tissue.

How To Administer Im Injection

The deltoid muscle is the most typically used site for grafting. However, this site is not common for single injection because its small muscle mass limits the volume of medicine that can be injected, usually no more than 1 milliliter.

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It is also difficult to use this site for injection alone. A caregiver, friend, or family member can help with injections into this muscle.

To find this site, find the bone (acromion) in the upper arm. The correct area to inject is two finger widths below the acromion process. At the bottom of both fingers will be an inverted triangle. Give the injection in the center of the triangle.

The armpit can be used when the other sites are not available or if you need to administer the medication yourself.

Divide the upper part of the thigh into three equal parts. Find the middle of these three sections. The injection should go to the top outside of this section.

A Student Learning How To Give An Intramuscular Injection Stock Photo

The ventrogluteal muscle is the safest site for adults and children older than 7 months. It is deep and not close to major veins or nerves. This site is difficult to inject alone and may require the help of a friend, family member, or caregiver.

Place the heel of your hand on the hip of the person receiving the injection, with your fingers pointing towards their head. Place your fingers in such a way that the thumb is pointing to your groin and feel the pelvis under the little finger. Extend your index and middle fingers in a small V shape and inject the needle into the middle of that V.

The dorsogluteus muscle of the buttocks has been the most commonly chosen site by health professionals for many years. However, due to the possibility of injury to the sciatic nerve, the ventrogluteal muscle is more often used instead.

How To Administer Im Injection

You should not use an injection site that has evidence of infection or injury. If you are going to inject more than once, be sure to rotate the injection sites to avoid muscle injury or discomfort.

Figure. Anatomical Markers Used To Identify The Vastus Lateralis Injection Site On The Anterolateral Thigh

The size of the needle and the injection site depend on many factors. These include the age and size of the person receiving the medication, and the volume and type of medication.

Your doctor or pharmacist will give you specific guidelines about which needle and syringe are suitable for administering your medication.

The needle must be long enough to reach the muscle without penetrating the underlying nerves and blood vessels. Generally, needles should be 1 inch to 1.5 inches for an adult and will be smaller for a child. They will be 22 gauge to 25 gauge with a thickness of 22g in the packaging.

Wash your hands with soap and warm water to avoid possible infection. Make sure to rub well between your fingers, the back of your hands, and under your nails.

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Recommends lathering for 20 seconds, which is the time it takes to sing the “Happy Birthday” song twice.

To isolate the muscle and the injection target, spread the skin at the injection site between two fingers.

The person receiving the injection should be placed in a position that is comfortable, provides easy access to the site, and keeps the muscles relaxed.

How To Administer Im Injection

Hold the needle like a dart and insert it into the muscle at a 90 degree angle. You must insert the needle in a quick but controlled manner. Do not push the plunger in.

Administer Intramuscular Injections

Withdraw the needle immediately and dispose of it in a sharps container. Do not put the cap back on the needle.

A container of sharps is a red container that you can buy at any drug store. It is used to collect medical waste, such as needles and syringes. You should not put any of these materials in the regular trash, as needles can be dangerous to anyone handling the trash.

Use a piece of gauze to apply light pressure to the injection site. You can even massage the area to help the medication absorb into the muscle. It is normal to see light bleeding. Use a bandage if necessary.

It is typical to experience some discomfort after an intramuscular injection. But certain symptoms can be a sign of a more serious complication. Call your doctor or healthcare professional right away if you have:

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You may feel some anxiety about giving or receiving an injection, especially an intramuscular injection, because of the length of the needle. Read the steps several times until you are comfortable with the procedure and take your time.

You can ask your doctor or pharmacist to go through the procedure with you beforehand. They are more than willing to help you understand how to give a safe and appropriate injection.

It has strict provenance guidelines and is based on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid the use of tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.

How To Administer Im Injection

Our experts constantly monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available. An intramuscular injection delivers drugs into a muscle. Doctors often use intramuscular injections to administer vaccines and other medications.

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People with specific conditions, such as multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis, may need to give themselves this type of injection at home. They can also ask their carer for help.

Intramuscular injections offer some benefits over other types of delivery methods, such as oral and intravenous injections into the vein and subcutaneous injections into the subcutaneous fat tissue.

Intramuscular injections also have other advantages. The muscles have an abundant blood supply, which helps ensure that the medicine is quickly absorbed by the body. Muscle tissue may also contain more medication than fat tissue.

The deltoid muscle is the most common site for grafting. This muscle is located in the upper arm near the shoulder.

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You may receive only small volumes of medication, usually 1 milliliter or less. Therefore, doctors do not use it for medicines that require larger amounts.

People who administer drugs themselves rarely use the deltoid as an injection site, because it is difficult for them to reach.

To find the deltoid muscle, a person looks for the bone in the upper arm. Two fingers below this, there is a triangular muscle. The needle should enter the center of the triangle.

How To Administer Im Injection

This muscle is a very safe injection site for adults and babies older than 7 months because it is thick and away from nerves and major veins and blood vessels. But it can be challenging to administer the medication alone in the hip.

Administering Interamuscular Injections.pptx

To find the ventrogluteus muscle in another person, place the heel of the hand on the hip, with the fingers pointing to the head. The thumb should point towards the groin.

Place your index and middle fingers in a V, and then give the injection in the middle of the V.

Before doctors started using the hip as an injection site, they used the dorsogluteal muscles of the buttocks. They tend to avoid using these muscles now because of the potential risk of injury to the sciatic nerve.

A healthcare professional should provide people with training and education before asking them to give themselves or another person intramuscular injections.

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Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water. Pay close attention to the area between the fingers and under the nails.

A doctor should advise you on the type of needle to use. It should be long enough to penetrate deep into the muscle tissue.

Most adults will need a 1 inch needle, but the exact size depends on the person’s weight. It is essential to ask the doctor or pharmacist what size needle to use before giving an injection.

How To Administer Im Injection

Locate the injection site according to the instructions above. Gently spread the skin between two

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