Root Cause Analysis Ppt Template

Thursday, November 26th 2020. | Sample Templates

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A possibility assessment and administration practising venture to put in force a medical possibility assessment tool – CAMORT Shared getting to know database organisation: Manchester mental fitness & Social Care have confidence posted date: September 2009 in response to national coverage including pleasant guidelines and native medical want, a standardised medical evaluation and management of chance Toolkit (CAMORT) changed into developed to be used with the aid of multi-disciplinary teams in Manchester intellectual health and Social Care believe. This mission turned into designed to bring a robust facts based practicing programme for the assessment and administration of chance and now been brought to clinicians from all skilled corporations during the trust. An assessment of the influence of this training has been accomplished. counsel the shared getting to know relates to: Does the illustration relate to a regular implementation of all fine advice? No Does the example relate to a specific implementation of a specific piece of quality information? sure instance goals and pursuits The goal of this implementation project is to deliver a proof-based, policy driven risk evaluation, formulation and management training programme for clinicians all the way through Manchester mental fitness and Social Care believe (MMH&SCT)

1. To improve the skills and advantage of intellectual fitness experts accomplishing possibility assessments and administration plans and to be sure that all clinicians are knowledgeable in the use of CAMORT and to promote its movements use in all clinical settings
2. To enhance the first-rate of risk assessments and management plans devised through all clinicians to make the technique desirable to provider clients and carers
three. To make sure that chance concerns are managed in a safe and collaborative method and communicated in a well timed and accurate option to key stakeholders
four. To increase affected person safeguard via reducing the frequency of serious untoward incidents in the have confidence
This training assignment is underpinned by means of CAMORT, which turned into developed via a multi-disciplinary panel offering a wealth of clinical talents, advantage and experience. The practising attracts on present respectable practice instructions (e.g. pleasant Self damage advice, excellent Violence guidelines, most desirable apply in risk management, DOH 2007), policy drivers and the latest analysis. the usage of a sequence of case reviews highlighting certain possibility concerns in quite a lot of clinical settings, members work in agencies using facilitated position play eventualities to undertake an entire cycle of risk evaluation and administration.
provider clients, carers and clinicians had been worried within the design and delivery of this challenge. contributors are offered with a practising pack which includes all presentation slides, contemporary references and studying lists, templates for the development of possibility administration plans, a abstract of all important policy drivers and decent follow instructions and examples of excessive first-class completed CAMORT forms. All participants are inspired to finished a private development plan to allow them to think of their scientific expertise construction in possibility management. moreover, the task has developed a ‘instruct the Trainers’ initiative with the intention of increasing the capability of birth of risk management training all over the trust.
reasons for implementing your undertaking in keeping with the country wide Suicide Prevention method for England (NIMHE 2004) all mental health Trusts have been expected to comply with particular requisites about the implementation of chance coverage. at the present MMH&SCT become participating in the department of fitness skilled group which developed optimum practice in Managing risk (DOH 2007), incorporating existing best guidelines. previous to 2005 MMH&SCT did not have a constant and professional method of assessing or managing risk in medical practice settings. Root trigger analysis of a couple of critical untoward incidents (SUIs) highlighted deficits within the talents of team of workers to determine and manipulate risk conveniently and the inability of a constant framework to determine, formulate, manage, listing and talk identified dangers. in keeping with this the have confidence Board centered a multi-disciplinary steerage group to produce CAMORT. A believe-huge policy to support its implementation become agreed and personnel briefing periods have been delivered to aid the implementation of CAMORT. At these briefing periods clinicians at all times requested a complete practising programme to help the full and valuable implementation of CAMORT. How did you enforce the challenge 1. An contrast of a pilot practising undertaking became performed by an exterior evaluator in March 2008. This worried a thematic analysis involving the entire 20 participating clinicians. The main results of this evaluation indicated that clinicians discovered the route to be valuable, effective and regarded their competencies base, skills and self belief in assessing and managing risk had more suitable. In particular they found the involvement of carrier clients within the start of the training extremely enlightening. The individuals highlighted the want for some features of the direction to be altered to mirror a wider diversity of clinical settings. These results have been extra substantiated by way of a pre-post examine diverse choice questionnaire which highlighted a consistent improvement within the members’ skills scores following practising.
2. when you consider that this practising began three audits to determine using CAMORT have taken area. results of these audits indicate a style against an increase in the use of CAMORT and the fine of the common of the possibility evaluation and administration plans undertaken by all professional groups.
three. via Route trigger evaluation (RCA) of SUIs there is evidence of superior involvement of service clients, carers and other stakeholders within the technique of chance assessment, formula and management.
four. Over the equal length the number of SUIs where the shortcoming of a possibility evaluation has been a contributory factor has enormously decreased thereby enhancing patient security.
Key findings 1. for the reason that the initial pilot we now have now facilitated 10 training programmes with 230 participants from all skilled companies. All subsequent courses have been normally evaluated and modified based on contributors’ remarks in the case of each the content and birth. 2. RCA of all SUIs will continue to monitor whether bad possibility evaluation, method and administration has been a contributory aspect.
3. An annual audit of the use of the CAMORT will proceed supported by using MMH&SCT research and building crew . Inter-rater reliability and validity of CAMORT may be established as an additional undertaking in 2010.
Key discovering facets 1. to negotiate and securing included time from management to design and boost the preliminary practising plan and contain practicing clinicians, provider users and carers in this technique.
2. Making the case studies as an instance using the CAMORT to all carrier settings and involving key clinicians in this manner.
3. To ensure that the undertaking team were comfortably supported and represented at higher administration degree.
four. comfy funding is fundamental to be sure that the practising will continue on an ongoing groundwork. This has necessitated the mission crew to develop into inventive and opportunistic in identifying and securing applicable funding streams 5. assistance administration and expertise groups should have been involved at an early stage to make certain that the CAMORT method become appropriate with the service provider’s existing electronic clinical checklist system.
Contact particulars Job: twin prognosis coach / medical nurse professional business enterprise: Manchester mental fitness & Social Care trust email: ian.wilson@manchester.ac.uk Is the example industry-sponsored in any approach? No records Warehousing

SAP and Qualtrics unlock Joint answer to aid business Suppliers SAP and Qualtrics are releasing Qualtrics XM for Suppliers, a brand new answer that empowers corporations to determine key areas of growth across the supply-to-pay manner. Qualtrics XM for Suppliers combines data from a firm’s SAP Ariba, SAP Fieldglass and SAP S/4HANA options with real-time corporation insights and AI-pushed intelligence from Qualtrics, an SAP company. Posted November 18, 2020

data Gravity and Cloud Computing statistics gravity is the thought that information is still the place it is and applications and capabilities (and much more statistics) are interested in and use that records. moving records can also be a tough, time-drinking, and complex technique, even on-prem. Now add in the circulation of huge portions of business data in the course of the internet to a cloud service provider. any one who has managed or used big information, and even moderately gigantic records, will automatically take note the issue. Posted November 18, 2020

Yellowbrick information Strengthens its data Warehouse with New facets Hybrid cloud information warehouse company Yellowbrick facts is making a whole lot of product improvements for optimizing commercial enterprise performance, availability, and safety. "statistics warehouses have become fully company-crucial," stated Neil Carson, CEO of Yellowbrick facts. "unencumber 5 strengthens our product for stressful fault-tolerant functions, and our new standard service Plan extends the vigour of Yellowbrick to smaller use circumstances than before. organizations of all sizes know that true-time data and analytics vigour their competitive side. We’re committed to their success." Posted November 16, 2020

Connectria allows users to Run IBM i and AIX on IBM power systems in AWS Connectria is releasing a brand new hybrid cloud solution that brings IBM energy methods to AWS. Connectria’s hybrid cloud, IBM on-internet with AWS, is designed to allow agencies to migrate their usual IT infrastructure into a fully managed hybrid cloud with low latency connection between IBM energy methods environments and AWS. Posted November 11, 2020

Goodbye Eliot, hey Mark Porter because the very inception of MongoDB, Eliot Horowitz, MongoDB’s CTO and co-founder, has been a constant and articulate owner of the MongoDB technical vision and the apparent creative force at the back of MongoDB’s architecture and have set. In appointing substitute CTO Mark Porter, MongoDB has chosen somebody with a high degree of "geek cred" with a view to optimistically fulfill builders who are looking to hear from someone who can speak their language. youngsters, he also brings journey from the business database and cloud world so that it will most likely be effective. Posted November 04, 2020

information Summit join Fall 2020 shows Now purchasable On-Demand videos of shows from information Summit connect Fall 2020, a 3-day collection of facts administration and analytics webinars offered last week with the aid of DBTA and massive facts Quarterly, are actually available for on-demand viewing on the DBTA YouTube channel. Use this possibility to take an additional appear, capture up on a session you overlooked, or share with a colleague! Posted November 04, 2020

Privitar and StreamSets Collaborate to Streamline and lower the privateness chance in facts Pipelines Privitar, a data privacy platform company, and StreamSets, issuer of a DataOps platform, are forming a new partnership and native product integration designed to assist organizations speed up access to statistics-pushed insights. in the course of the new native integration, clients can leverage StreamSets to design and run facts pipelines to their statistics science and data analytics applications, seamlessly applying Privitar’s data privacy guidelines across all of their execution environments. Posted October 30, 2020

StorCentric Releases the records Mobility Suite StorCentric, a worldwide company of records management options, is launching its statistics Mobility Suite (DMS), the primary StorCentric branded utility answer, enabling statistics migration, replication, and synchronization across blended deployments. DMS empowers customers to eliminate information silos and stream information to the platform and/or ambiance foremost acceptable to meet their IT, company, and budgetary requirements, thereby dramatically simplifying facts management whereas guaranteeing maximum ROI on all existing and future storage investments, according to the seller. Posted October 29, 2020

OpenLegacy Designs OEM associate application OpenLegacy, a pioneer in digital-driven integration for legacy and core systems, is developing an o.e.m associate application in aid of independent software companies (ISVs) and answer providers. organizations trying to expand their product line and footprint to attain and combine their business shoppers’ legacy information sources will advantage essentially the most from this application. Posted October 28, 2020

Customertimes and Propel partner to increase Connectivity to SAP ERP options Customertimes, a worldwide technology consultancy, and Propel, a cloud native product success platform, is getting into a strategic partnership that mixes Propel’s product solutions with Customertimes’ consulting competencies. Customertimes is now Propel’s favorite accomplice for connections to SAP enterprise aid Planning (ERP) options, presenting purchasers with the capability to simplify enterprise operations and enable company-huge collaboration through unified product, corporation, and consumer statistics. Posted October 28, 2020

Qlik and Google Cloud give a boost to Partnership by presenting SAP help Qlik is deepening its strategic partnership with Google Cloud via proposing a new joint offering focused on enabling purchasers to boost the price of their SAP statistics with Google BigQuery. Optimized to guide SAP information on Google Cloud and Google BigQuery, and reinforced with Qlik’s new ‘SAP on Google Cloud capabilities’ designation, Google Cloud consumers now have an integrated answer they could confidently deploy with Qlik facts Integration to help power extra use and cost from all their data. Posted October 28, 2020

guidance for Designing a knowledge Warehouse for Agility and Scale at facts Summit join Fall 2020 At facts Summit connect Fall 2020, John O’Brien, most important marketing consultant and CEO, Radiant Advisors, supplied tips concerning the agile methodology and templates that undertaking birth teams can observe to construct up to date facts infrastructures (on-prem, hybrid, and multi-cloud). He became followed by way of Waqas Dhillon, product manager for machine getting to know, Vertica, whose presentation focused on most useful practices for scaling analytics workloads. Posted October 21, 2020

OpenStack foundation to Rebrand as Open Infrastructure groundwork in 2021 OpenStack basis has announced it might be changing its company identify to Open Infrastructure groundwork (OIF) starting in 2021, reflecting the company’s broader commitment and constructive capabilities in driving innovations in open supply. OIF’s goal is to construct an open infrastructure for the subsequent decade via solving infrastructure considerations raised by using continuing calls for in new markets. Posted October 20, 2020

records Summit connect Fall 2020 is that this Week information Summit join Fall 2020, a series of information administration and analytics webinars introduced by way of DBTA and large information Quarterly, is occurring this week. even if your pastimes lie in the technical probabilities and challenges of recent and rising technologies or using the wealth of data your business is accumulating for enterprise intelligence, analytics, and other enterprise recommendations, statistics Summit join Fall 2020 has anything for you! Posted October 20, 2020

Couchbase Advances aspect Computing with latest Platform Updates Couchbase, the creator of the enterprise-category, multicloud to area NoSQL database, is releasing edition 2.8 of Couchbase Lite and Couchbase Sync Gateway for cell and facet computing functions. The updates provide agencies the energy to take full skills of a disbursed cloud structure, developing all the time-quickly, always-on purposes that assure company uptime even in a disconnected computing environment, in accordance with the supplier. Posted October 16, 2020

darkish statistics: The subsequent enterprise Frontier This may well be the period of the records-pushed enterprise, but most effective a handful of companies record they are ready for it. there’s a starting to be extent of "dark statistics" that is still vague to IT managers and determination makers. This period unfolding earlier than us can be driven by several technology initiatives, from 5G instant and IoT to AI. Posted October 08, 2020

The future of Analytics: Leveraging data Lakes and records Warehouses each facts warehouses and information lakes present powerful options for ensuring that information is well-managed and prepped for modern-day analytics requirements. besides the fact that children, the two environments have relatively different roles, and records managers should take into account the way to leverage the strengths of every to profit from the records feeding into analytics programs. Posted October 08, 2020

Solo.io Receives $23 Million in newest Funding round Solo.io, the up to date API infrastructure enterprise offering application networking from the area to service mesh, has raised $23 million in series B round of financing, enabling the business to continue providing cloud-native community innovation. Solo.io offers API infrastructure that helps agencies undertake, comfortable, and operate up to date utility networks from the facet to the carrier mesh. Posted October 02, 2020

experts speak transforming facts Analytics with Cloud From information lakes and facts warehouses to hybrid and multicloud environments, the world of analytics continues to evolve to fulfill growing to be demands for speedy, convenient, and huge-ranging statistics entry. In a contemporary survey of DBTA subscribers, 20% indicated plans to movement their analytics to the cloud with a different 27% in view that this conception. on the equal time, concerns about safety, governance and efficiency linger, and there are other success elements to believe, including the strengths and weaknesses of distinctive cloud providers and integration eventualities. Posted September 30, 2020

eco-friendly residence statistics Rebrands as Lunavi as enterprise Streamlines Acquisitions eco-friendly house records, a issuer of digital transformation consulting and managed IT services, is rebranding to unify its lately got corporations and 9 places all through North the us beneath one company name—Lunavi. the brand new identify reflects the enterprise’s increase and capacity to deliver end-to-conclusion solutions that span from migrating legacy infrastructure to the cloud to enabling cloud native, contemporary software building, based on the vendor. Posted September 29, 2020

Matillion facts Loader is Now available via Snowflake’s companion join Matillion, the main company of statistics transformation for cloud records warehouses (CDWs),is releasing its free information ingestion device, Matillion records Loader, within Snowflake, the cloud facts platform, via Snowflake’s companion connect. Matillion facts Loader enables corporations to with ease load records into Snowflake from generic statistics sources together with Microsoft SQL Server, Salesforce, Google Analytics, Marketo, and extra. Posted September 23, 2020

New Capabilities for Elastigroup from Spot by using NetApp allow shoppers to observe Azure Spot virtual Machines NetApp, a global cloud-led, records-centric utility company, is releasing Elastigroup for Microsoft Azure Spot virtual Machines (VMs) after buying Spot, a cloud compute administration and price optimization business whose suite of equipment contains Elastigroup. Elastigroup from Spot with the aid of NetApp simplifies and automates compute infrastructure provisioning and autoscaling whereas allowing cloud consumers to reduce their compute spending by using as much as 90%, along with presenting high availability, in accordance with the vendor. Posted September 23, 2020

Crunchy records Continues PostgreSQL assist with the liberate of Crunchy Bridge Crunchy statistics, a provider of depended on open supply PostgreSQL, is releasing Crunchy Bridge, a completely managed cloud Postgres service available on Amazon net functions (AWS) and Microsoft Azure. in line with the supplier, Crunchy Bridge changed into developed to fill the need of a greater sophisticated, thoroughly-managed, database provider and specializes in bringing the energy of Postgres, an superior open supply database, to all builders. Posted September 18, 2020

Oracle Addresses transforming into Tech capabilities hole with Free working towards Oracle institution has launched an initiative to educate enterprise experts on greater than 50 expertise job roles that are getting extra important to practically every business. the brand new initiative is supposed to tackle a transforming into issue as more organizations are seeking to accelerate their own digital transformations. Posted September 16, 2020

next cease, Silicon Valley EMEA No rely where you are living on the planet, your life has been impacted by using the know-how and innovation conceived of in Silicon Valley. The wealth that has been created has been massive. a well-liked British newspaper once published a piece of writing suggesting that if Silicon Valley have been a country, it might be among the richest in the world. Posted September eleven, 2020

New technologies Shaping nowadays’s big records World large information has been around in a single kind or one more for a long time, however these days, as a result of latest events and intensified pressure, there has been superior attention concentrated on records-pushed strategies to manage operations and bear in mind shoppers. Recognizing that price has shifted to the digital realm, organizations had been looking to applied sciences so that you can take them to the subsequent stage. Posted September eleven, 2020

massive statistics 50—organizations using Innovation in 2020 The COVID-19 crisis has presented some new hurdles—however they are ones that many imaginative businesses are actively working to overcome. forward-searching groups aren’t sitting the 12 months out looking ahead to the company local weather to increase. they’re actively in the hunt for the right way to extend their reach and take talents of latest opportunities. Posted September 10, 2020

Harmonizing Database management with DevOps     Even the best DevOps initiatives can fall victim to information bottlenecks, from challenges provisioning data immediately and easily, to synchronizing application and database adjustments and, in some circumstances, a major lack of cooperation between developers and database administrators. Posted September 09, 2020

Balancing facts Integration with data Governance The proliferation of facts sources, kinds, and shops is increasing the challenge of mixing records into meaningful, advantageous information. The want for faster and smarter facts integration capabilities is growing.  The want for quicker and smarter facts integration capabilities is growing.  on the same time, to deliver actual cost, people want assistance they could trust—now more than ever right through this COVID-19 pandemic—balancing data governance is absolutely primary. Posted September 09, 2020

What’s New in Oracle Database all through Quest forum Digital event: Innovation Week, William Hardie, vice president of Oracle Database product management, outlined  the latest points and updates to Oracle Database. His presentation included a reminder of contemporary updates—chiefly 19c—and an explanation of the elements in the preview release of Oracle Database 20c. each and every of the latest points matches into Oracle’s new mission commentary: To support americans see facts in new methods, find insights, liberate endless probabilities. Posted September 02, 2020

Mendix 9 Builds On Its Core basis of model-driven development Mendix, a Siemens business and provider of low-code application building for the business, is launching its increased all-in-one low-code platform. This free up extends the reach of low-code into new domains, empowering developers of all ability sets to clear up an ever-expanding set of company problems. Posted September 01, 2020

Rockset Introduces New Developer equipment to increase speed for true-Time Analytics Rockset, the real-time indexing database enterprise, is releasing a brand new ecosystem of developer equipment that integrate with business-average workflows to boost developer velocity for actual-time analytics initiatives. Rockset makes it possible for precise-time analytics at cloud scale, with out operational burden, and was based by means of the creators of open supply RocksDB. Posted August 27, 2020

AWS Releases Amazon EBS io2 Amazon net functions is releasing io2, the subsequent technology Provisioned IOPS SSD volumes for Amazon Elastic Block save (Amazon EBS). the new io2 quantity is designed for 100x better quantity sturdiness (99.999%) when in comparison to the 99.9% sturdiness offered by way of io1 Amazon EBS volumes, in response to AWS. Posted August 26, 2020

Boomi pronounces Boomi aXis for SAP Boomi, a Dell technologies company, is extending its portfolio of solutions for EiPaaS by using announcing Boomi aXis for SAP, enabling users to with no trouble and at once change SAP statistics on a single platform to unexpectedly facilitate business selections. An EiPaaS answer for the SAP ecosystem, Boomi aXis for SAP seamlessly extracts and updates records from/to the SAP ecosystem, leveraging predefined configurations, and shortening technique time by using eliminating resource constraints. Posted August 26, 2020

progress adds New Connectors to its DataDirect answer development, a issuer of application construction and digital adventure applied sciences, is releasing a brand new collection of growth DataDirect facts connectors, bridging the gap between disparate again-office functions. Posted August 26, 2020

The altering role of the records Storage manager As hybrid cloud models evolve into the brand new average for commercial enterprise storage and the means to quickly and simply extract cost from digital belongings turns into ever-extra vital, storage talents continues to be important. based on Gartner, through 2025, 40% of workloads will reside within the public cloud, 30% on the aspect and 30% on-premise—compared to the 80% on-premise in 2019. youngsters, storage managers need to circulation past their ordinary roles in response to this changing landscape—a challenge that many are embracing. Posted August 24, 2020

Aerospike Founder Talks building a Globally disbursed gadget The growth of world on-line business transactions is pressuring facts architects to re-believe their legacy relational, mainframe, and NoSQL data platforms. clients are expecting their on-line company experience to certainly not fail, to deliver immediate outcomes, and make sure records is rarely misplaced. formerly, data architects were forced to make trade-offs between powerful consistency, efficiency and being globally dispensed. Posted August 14, 2020

Key Takeaways from facts Summit join 2020 The annual data Summit conference went digital past this yr, fitting facts Summit connect. The on-line event in June featured reside displays with the aid of executives from main IT groups who engaged attendees with compelling shows and spirited discussions on loads of themes together with information analytics and privateness, advantage graphs, and AI and computer getting to know. here are key facets distilled from the three-day webinar collection. Posted August 11, 2020

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics 091201 vital abilities Aggregation: An Aristotelian core way for epistemic democracy Josiah Ober, Stanford school abstract – resolution-making in a democracy have to admire democratic values, while advancing citizens’ hobbies. decisions made in an epistemic democracy ought to additionally have in mind critical expertise concerning the world. Neither aggregation of independent guesses nor deliberation, the average strategies to epistemic democracy, offers a enough conception of determination-making it is without delay time-delicate and capable of setting agendas endogenously. evaluation of passages by Aristotle and legislative procedure in historical Athens aspects to a “middle means” that transcends these limitations. significant expertise Aggregation (REA) offers an epistemic strategy to decision-making in democratic companies with minimally competent voters who share certain pursuits and advantage. REA allows for more suitable decisions amongst alternate options to be made by way of basing decisions on expertise in distinctive primary domains, via a time-sensitive system conjoining deliberation with voting. REA differs from a common Condorcet jury in aggregating votes with the aid of important domains, according to reputations and arguments of area-specialists. This paper replaces version 121101 posted in December 2011, edition 071102 posted in July 2011, and edition 090901 posted in September 2009. 081201 Thucydides as prospect theorist Josiah Ober, Stanford institution abstract – Opposing the tendency to read Thucydides as a robust realist, committed to a idea of behavior that assumes rationality as anticipated utility maximization, Ned Lebow and Clifford Orwin (amongst others) emphasize Thucydides’ attentiveness to deviations from rationality by using people and states. This paper argues that Thucydides grasped the ideas underlying modern prospect concept, which explains why americans over-weight talents losses. Thucydides presents salient examples of excessive possibility-aversion and extreme possibility-in the hunt for by using choice-makers variously confronted with excessive or low chances of losses or good points. Thucydides shows that leaders’ rhetoric can limit or exacerbate the political outcomes of bias in chance assessment. 121101 Weighted competencies Aggregation: An Aristotelian middle approach for epistemic democracy Josiah Ober, Stanford university > summary – decision-making in an epistemic democracy takes into account now not only residents’ hobbies but also their knowledge in regards to the world. The dominant epistemic approaches to democratic determination-making focal point on aggregation of impartial guesses and on deliberation, but neither presents a satisfactory skill of determination-making that’s without delay time-sensitive and in a position to setting agendas endogenously. analysis of two passages through Aristotle facets to a hybrid “middle manner” that transcends these limitations. Weighted competencies Aggregation (WEA) conjoins diverse types of skills in distinctive domains via a time-sensitive system of deliberation and vote casting. WEA differs from a Condorcet jury in aggregating the marginal likelihood of suitable judgments on area- specialists, in preference to on the substance of complex considerations. although it requires procedurally equipped voters who share common capabilities, WEA presents a practical method to resolution-making in democratic agencies. This paper replaced edition 071102 in the beginning posted in July 2011. It become revised in September 2012; please see 091201 entry. 051101 The deadly Styx River and the death of Alexander Adrienne Mayor, Stanford tuition and Antoinette Hayes, Pfizer pharmaceuticals summary: Plutarch, Arrian, Diodorus, Justin, and other ancient historians file that rumors of poisoning arose after the death of Alexander in Babylon in 323 B.C. Alexander’s close friends suspected a legendary poison gathered from the River Styx in Arcadia, so corrosive that best the hoof of a horse might comprise it. It’s impossible to grasp the precise reason for Alexander’s loss of life, but a recent toxicological discovery may also help explain why some historic observers believed that Alexander was murdered with Styx poison. We propose that the river harbored a killer bacterium that may ensue on limestone rock deposits. This paper elaborates on our Poster presentation, Toxicological background Room, XII overseas Congress of Toxicology, Barcelona, 19-23 July 2010, and Society of Toxicology Annual assembly, Washington DC, March 2011. This paper replaces 091008 at first published in September 2010 and 071001 originally published in July 2010. 011101 Roman Callimachus imminent in B. Acosta Hughes and S. Stephens (eds.), The Brill companion to Callimachus Alessandro Barchiesi, Stanford school summary: A rehearsal of the impact and appropriation of Callimachus in Roman letters, supposed as introductory studying for students and non-consultants. contains short case-experiences and exemplification, with an emphasis on the agendas, poetics, and rhetoric of Roman poets. 091008 The deadly Styx River and the demise of Alexander Adrienne Mayor, Stanford tuition Revised may additionally 2011. See 051101 entry. 091006 Human construction and quality of life in the long term: the case of Greece Walter Scheidel, Stanford university abstract – The Human building Index of the United countries and other greatly based mostly indices of wellbeing seek to establish and measure a wide array of determinants of the great of life. income, longevity, and schooling are viewed as key indications. Auxiliary variables consist of nutrients, revenue and gender inequality, political and human rights, crime costs, human rights, and environmental degradation. youngsters one of the most factors can not be thoroughly assessed with appreciate to the extra distant previous, indices comparable to these however give a advantageous template for the historic pass-cultural and comparative study of human building and excellent of lifestyles. This paper illustrates the competencies of this approach by way of exploring the changing configuration of enormous variables in the future, using the Greek world from antiquity to the contemporary previous as a verify case. This endeavor is supposed to supply context for the analyze of the best of lifestyles as envisioned by using our panel. 081001 overview of T. V. Evans and D. D. Obbink (eds.), The Language of the Papyri Joshua Katz, Princeton college summary – this is a evaluate, commissioned via and written for Bryn Mawr Classical evaluation, of a brilliant assortment of papers on the language — actually, languages — found in Greek and Latin papyri and linked sources from the third century B.C. to the seventh/eighth century A.D. most of the contributions deserve a much wider readership than I expect they will acquire. 071001 The deadly Styx River and the loss of life of Alexander Adrienne Mayor, Stanford tuition Revised September 2010. See 091010 entry. 051001 filthy rich Hellas Josiah Ober, Stanford college abstract – When it is compared to other premodern societies, ihe Greek world, in 800-300 BC, was affluent. The Greek economic climate grew (both in the combination and per capita) at a hight cost by premodern standards (despite the fact boom turned into feeble via contemporary requirements). through the fourth century BC Hellas was comparatively densely populated and enormously urbanized. Incomes of working people have been excessive (at least in Athens) and wealth and earnings had been allotted fairly equitably. Comparatively strong Greek economic performance is the context for the construction archaic/classical Greek culture. first rate Greek financial performance could be defined partly by using “rule egalitariansim” (resulting in more suitable funding in human capital and reduce transaction expenses) and through continuous institutional innovation (the influence of inter-state competitors and researching). 021001 The instrumental value of others and institutional trade: An Athenian case study Josiah Ober, Stanford college summary – a chief purpose for definite Athenian rule alterations within the path of multiplied felony entry and impartiality in the fourth century B.C. become Athenian awareness of the extended instrumental value of foreigners. New Athenian guidelines were aimed at persuading foreigners to do enterprise in Athens. Foreigners won more suitable entry to a couple Athenian associations, and equity, in the sense of impartiality, changed into more evident in some forms of criminal resolution-making. These new guidelines appear to have worked; Athens grew to become more affluent by the later fourth century, at least partially because foreigners preferred the new suggestions and so did extra enterprise there. as a result of expanded entry and impartiality had been no longer precipitated via a modified Athenian method to the ends/means difference, a Kantian deontologist would deny that the new suggestions made Athens an improved place. A consequentialist might disagree. Written for a Leiden/Penn assortment of essays on “Valuing Others,” in progress, edited by R. Rosen and that i. Sluiter. 011003 Greco-Roman intercourse ratios and femicide in comparative standpoint Walter Scheidel, Stanford tuition abstract – Is it viable to reveal that historic Greeks or Romans disposed of new child daughters in ways in which skewed intercourse ratios in favor of men? Epigraphic, papyrological, and archaeological proof fails to supply official empirical aid for this notion. at the same time, we cannot rule out the chance that femicide did definitely occur. Drawing on comparative anthropological and historic facts, this paper briefly develops two models of femicidal practice. 090904 precise wages in early economies: proof for residing requisites from 1800 BCE to 1300 CE Walter Scheidel, Stanford college abstract – price and wage data from Roman Egypt in the first three centuries CE point out stages of true earnings for unskilled worker’s that are corresponding to these implied by using price and wage facts in Diocletian’s fee edict of 301 CE and to those documented in distinct materials of Europe and Asia in the eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. In all these instances, consumption turned into mostly restrained to goods that have been standard for survival and dwelling requirements need to have been very modest. A survey of each day wages expressed in terms of wheat in distinctive Afroeurasian societies from 1800 BCE to 1300 CE yields identical consequences: with a few exceptions, precise incomes of unskilled workers tended to be very low. This paper replaces (030801) in the beginning published in March 2008. 090901 An Aristotelian core approach between deliberation and independent-wager aggregation Josiah Ober, Stanford college abstract – a familiar passage of Aristotle’s Politics (three.1281a42-b10) about the “knowledge of the group” presents a beautiful and believable option to deliberation and impartial guess aggregation, the two at the moment-well-known techniques to judgment and decision in an epistemic democracy. The Politics passage is clarified through reference to Aristotle’s dialogue of the six materials of tragedy (Poetics 1450a6-14). 080902 Thucydides on Athens’ Democratic skills in the Archidamian battle Josiah Ober, Stanford tuition summary – In ebook 1 Thucydides’ Corinthians attribute Athenian military success in the Archidamian war to an inherent countrywide personality. They empahsize the characteristics of agility, pace, and customary-good searching for. Thucydides’ readers come to realize that the Athenian “democratic expertise” stemmed from a sophisticated skill to prepare beneficial abilities. skills management in defense force affairs may also be learned; the Athenians fared poorly in the later degrees of the warfare partially because they did not countenance the possibility that their own suggestions can be tailored by way of their opponents. Replaces 090702 entitled Athenian defense force efficiency in Archidamian war. To seem in a volume on "Democracy and Greek battle," edited with the aid of David Pritchard 080901 Epistemic democracy in classical Athens: Sophistication, variety, and innovation. Josiah Ober, Stanford school abstract – evaluation of democracy in Athens as an “epistemic” (competencies-primarily based) kind of political and social corporation. tailored from Ober, Democracy and capabilities, chapters 1-four. Jon Elster (ed.), quantity on “Collective wisdom” (to be posted in English and French). 070902 evaluating democracies. A spatial system with application to historical Athens Josiah Ober, Stanford school abstract – A photo formula for specifying historians’ judgments about political alternate, with special reference to the space and the course that Athenian democracy had moved from the period of Cleisthenes to that of Lycurgus. For Vincent Azoulay and Paulin Ismard (eds.). Cleisthène et Lycurgue d’Athènes: Autour du politique dans la cité classique. variations du Sorbonne, Paris. 070901 entry, fairness, and Transaction prices: Nikophon’s law on silver coinage (Athens: 375/4 BC) Josiah Ober, Stanford university summary – a couple of diverse, and at the start complicated features of Nikophon’s legislations on silver coinage (Rhodes/Osborne 25) become clear in gentle of the Athenian state’s attempt to pressure down transaction costs to be able to maintainAthenian public revenues and private gains within the submit-imperial era. I imply that the law became explicitly supposed to even the enjoying container of change by using ensuring non-citizens access to an neutral gadget of coin verification (the dokimastai), and to dispute resolution mechanisms (the individuals’s courts). Nikophon’s legislations is a surprisingly early example of the Athenian state’s difficulty for adjusting based institutions with an eye toward reducing the transaction expenses linked with buying and selling within the Athenian market via cutting back advice and felony asymmetries. an identical situation recurs within the mid-fourth century "maritime cases" (dikai emporikai) and in Xenophon’s mid-century text, the Poroi. tailored from Ober, Democracy and Kowlege, chapter 6. 020904 Mapping Politics: An Investigation of Deme Theatres in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. Jessica Paga, Princeton institution abstract – Deme theatres, or theatral areas, dot both the nation-state of Attika and our epigraphic sources. This paper examines the evidence for nineteen deme theatres in Attika throughout the fifth and fourth centuries, in conjunction with an exploration of the festival of the agricultural Dionysia. The overarching goals are to establish the distribution, form, and services of the deme theatral areas, whereas noting the ramifications of those features for the executive and organizational constructions of the Athenian democracy. This paper has now been published in Hesperia 79, (2010) pp. 351-384. 010903 Monogamy and polygyny Walter Scheidel, Stanford university summary -This paper discusses Greco-Roman practices of monogamy and polygyny for a impending guide on the ancient household. 060807 Monogamy and polygyny in Greece, Rome, and world background Walter Scheidel, Stanford tuition abstract – In what feel were the historical Greeks and Romans monogamous, and why does it rely? This paper summarizes the physical and anthropological checklist of polygyny, in brief sketches the historical expansion of formal monogamy, considers complementary theories of mate choice, and situates Greco-Roman apply on a spectrum from natural polygamy to greater contemporary styles of normative monogyny. This paper has now been posted in background of the household, Vol 14 (2009) pp. 280-291. 030801 true wages in early economies: evidence for dwelling requirements from 2000 BCE to 1300 CE Walter Scheidel, Stanford college summary – price and wage information from Roman Egypt within the first three centuries CE indicate degrees of actual revenue for unskilled laborers which are comparable to these implied by way of expense and wage information in Diocletian’s expense edict of 301 CE and to those documented in different elements of Europe and Asia within the eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. In all these circumstances, consumption became largely limited to items that were simple for survival and living requirements have been very low. A survey of daily wages expressed when it comes to wheat in distinct Afroeurasian societies from 2000 BCE to 1300 CE yields similar results: with most effective few exceptions, true incomes of unskilled employees tended to be very low. This paper has been revised. Please see entry 090904 posted in September 2009. 100703 Communal Agriculture in the Ptolemaic and Roman Fayyum Andrew Monson, Stanford university summary – The article items the model that rising demand for land drives the procedure of privatization. It likens ancient traits in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt to identical trends in opposition t privatization in nineteenth-century Egypt. Given the issue imposed with the aid of the historic facts for tracing alterations over time, it concentrates on observable regional diversifications that conform to the model. alterations in population density seem to correlate with variations in agrarian associations. There are mainly decent information for tenure on public land in Roman Egypt, so this period is handled in additional element. in the more moderately populated Fayyum, communal peasant institutions remained critical for the cultivation of public land just as they have been in the Ptolemaic length. within the Nile Valley, against this, deepest landowners encroached on public land with the aid of having it registered into their names and treating it more like deepest property. This paper has now been posted in "Communal Agriculture in the Ptolemaic and Roman Fayyum" S.L. Lippert and M. Schentuleit (eds.), Graeco-Roman Fayum: Texts and Archaeology. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2008, pp. 173-86. 100702 army and Egyptian temple constructing under the Ptolemies Christelle Fischer-Bovet, Stanford university summary: This paper examines constructing dedications to Egyptian gods that reveal the interaction between the defense force and state financing of Egyptian temples. I propose a new model of financing Egyptian temple constructing with the army as a supply of deepest and local funding. I argue that officers or soldiers stationed in garrisons and soldier-monks have been used as supervisors of temple development for the king and even financed part of it to complement royal and temple money. Three main conclusions emerge. First, the somewhat late date of our evidence confirms that temple constructing became more and more subsidized with the aid of inner most and semiprivate funding and means that the army’s features had been becoming more distinct. second, Egyptians had been integrated in the army and soldiers have been built-in into the local elite. Third, the formation of a local elite fabricated from Greek and Egyptian troopers acting for the local gods challenges the thought of skilled and ethnic divisions. 100701 Counting the Greeks in Egypt: Immigration within the first century of Ptolemaic rule Christelle Fischer-Bovet, Stanford school summary: This paper presents the statistics and the strategies accessible to estimate the number of Greeks immigrating and settling in Ptolemaic Egypt. I shall argue that the evaluations commonly proposed (10% of Greeks) are too excessive and the movement of immigration implicitly expected too general. the brand new calculations exhibit that we should rather consider 5% of Greeks in Egypt. i exploit 4 impartial the best way to evaluate the number of Greeks according to an estimation of the variety of: (1) Greek troopers combating at Raphia (217 BC); (2) Macedonian troopers settled in Egypt; (3) cavalry guys granted with land; (4) adult Greek males living within the Fayyum. the primary three methods center of attention on soldiers while the fourth one offers us with a mathematical mannequin for evaluating both Greek defense force and civilian settlers. These demographic revisions refine our evaluation of the socio-financial and cultural interactions between the diverse businesses of population. 090704 The fashioned meaning of “democracy”: potential to do issues, no longer majority rule. Josiah Ober, Stanford university abstract – That the normal meaning of democracy is “potential to do issues” no longer “majority rule” emerges from a examine of the fifth and fourth century B.C. Greek vocabulary for regime-types. special consideration is given to –kratos root and –arche root terms. Paper delivered at the American Political Science affiliation conferences, Philadelphia, 2006. 090703 What the historic Greeks Can tell Us About Democracy Josiah Ober, Stanford institution summary – The query of what the ancient Greeks can tell us about democracy will also be answered by way of reference to 3 fields that have historically been pursued with little reference to at least one one other: historic background, classical political idea, and political science. These fields were coming into extra fruitful contact over the ultimate two decades, as evidenced through a spate of interdisciplinary work. Historians, political theorists, and political scientists attracted to classical Greek democracy are increasingly able to leveraging results throughout disciplinary strains. in consequence, the classical Greek event has greater to inform us about the origins and definition of democracy, and about the relationship between participatory democracy and formal institutions, rhetoric, civic id, political values, political criticism, war, economic system, subculture, and faith. forthcoming in Annual reports in Political Science 2007 090702 Athenian military efficiency within the Archidamian conflict: Thucydides on Democracy and skills Josiah Ober, Stanford university > abstract – Athenian armed forces success within the Archidamian war is attributed by way of the Corinthians in booklet 1 of Thucydides to an inherent country wide persona. despite the fact the Athenians do happen the traits of agility, velocity, and customary-good looking for that the Corinthians attribute to the Athenians, the source of Athenian exceptionalism is more desirable sought in the building of democratic associations and associated patterns of behavior. Athens did neatly in armed forces operations on account of its sophisticated administration of advantageous expertise. Likewise, breakdown in abilities management is a key explanation for Athenian militia failures in the latter a part of the war. This has been changed by using paper 080901. To appear in a volume on "Democracy and Greek struggle," edited through David Pritchard 080701 Rule and income in Egypt and Rome: Political balance and fiscal institutions Andrew Monson, Stanford school abstract – This paper investigates what determines fiscal institutions and the burden of taxation using a case look at from historical history. It evaluates Levi’s mannequin of taxation within the Roman Republic, in response to which rulers’ high bargain charges in intervals of political instability inspire them to undertake a more predatory fiscal regime. The proof for fiscal reform in the transition from the Republic to the Principate seems to support her speculation however continues to be a count of debate among historians. Egypt’s transition from a Hellenistic kingdom to a Roman province beneath the Principate gives a similar case for which there are more suitable information. The Egyptian facts suggests a correlation between rulers’ discount quotes and financial regimes it is in keeping with Levi’s speculation. This paper has now been published in "Rule and profits in Egypt and Rome: Political steadiness and Fiscal associations." special challenge: New Political economic climate in background. historical Social analysis 32/4 (2007), pp. 252-74. 060701 Epigraphy and demography: beginning, marriage, family unit, and demise Walter Scheidel, Stanford school abstract – In fresh years, the adoption of key concepts and fashions of modern inhabitants experiences has drastically superior our realizing of the demography of the Greco-Roman world. Epigraphic evidence has made a a must-have contribution to this development: statistical analysis of tens of lots of tombstone inscriptions has generated new insights into mortality regimes, marriage practices, and household structures in a lot of parts of the historic Mediterranean. along side papyrological cloth, these records enable us to determine regional changes and facilitate long-term comparisons with extra recent old populations. After a short survey of the main sources of demographic counsel in regards to the classical world, this paper focuses on using inscriptions within the look at of inhabitants size, mortality, fertility, nuptiality, sex ratios, household formation, and household corporation. 010705 An Early Ptolemaic Land Survey in Demotic: P. Cair. II 31073 Andrew Monson, Stanford college summary – This paper offers a preliminary version of an early Ptolemaic land survey from the southern Fayyum and connected bills. despite the fact pictures and a brief description were covered in the Cairo catalogue of Demotic papyri in 1908, it has by no means been edited or wholly mentioned. The textual content furnishes useful facts about land tenure, agriculture, and taxation, in particular on royal land. This edition is intended to provide a basis for additional dialogue until the version is comprehensive. version 2.0 contains revisions to the courting, overview, and some readings within the textual content, superceding the prior edition. This version replaces 050606. This paper has now been posted in A. Monson (2012). Agriculture and Taxation in Early Ptolemaic Egypt: Demotic Land Surveys and accounts. PTA 46. Bonn: Habelt Verlag. 010704 Royal Land in Ptolemaic Egypt: A Demographic mannequin Andrew Monson, Stanford college summary – reports of Ptolemaic agrarian heritage have concentrated on the character of state ownership. contemporary work has emphasized the regional modifications between the Fayyum, where royal land changed into typical, and higher Egypt, the place private land rights have been already established. This look at proposes a demographic mannequin that regards communal rights on royal land as an adaptation to possibility and hyperlinks privatization with inhabitants pressure. These correlations and their reflection in Demotic and Greek land survey facts lift doubts concerning the standard view that patterns of tenure on royal land within the Fayyum may also be attributed to extra intensive state control over this place than the Nile Valley. edition 2.0 is noticeably revised and replaces the prior version 050602. This paper has now been published in "Royal Land in Ptolemaic Egypt: A Demographic mannequin." Journal of the economic and Social history of the Orient 50/4 (2007), pp. 363-ninety seven. 120603 Coinage as ‘Code’ in Ptolemaic Egypt JG Manning, Stanford college abstract – in this paper I survey the use of funds in Ptolemaic Egypt with a particular focal point on the introduction of coinage via the Ptolemies. I draw connections between monetization of the economic system with different institutional reforms, above all as they concern the legal reforms of Ptolemy II. The paper will seem in a volume on funds edited by using William Harris. (here’s revision 1.3 changing 040602 entry.) 090606 Herodotus and the Poets Andrew Ford, Princeton college abstract: this is an try to describe Herodotus’ relation to Greek poets, each as old sources and as “cultural capital.” it’s a quick dialogue (1500 phrases) written for a commonplace audience; however it may be of pastime as raising a count now not often regarded outdoor of the surprising and long look at with the aid of Ph.-E. Legrand in Vol. 1 of the Budé Hérodote (pp. 147 ff.). 070603 From epistemic range to usual capabilities: Rational rituals and publicity in democratic Athens. Josiah Ober, Stanford university summary – constructive organization of talents allows democracies to meet Darwinian challenges, and therefore keep away from elimination by means of greater hierarchical competitors. Institutional methods able to aggregating distinct abilities and coordinating action promote the flourishing of democratic communities in aggressive environments. institutions that increase the credibility of commitments and construct average abilities are key features of democratic coordination. “Rational rituals,” wherein credible commitments and customary competencies are without difficulty publicized, have been familiar in democratic Athens. evaluation of elements of Lycurgus’ speech in opposition t Leocrates exhibits some key features of the how rational rituals labored to construct general capabilities in Athens. This paper, tailored from a publication-in-progess, is fortthcoming in the journal Episteme. 070602 Socrates and democratic Athens: The story of the trial in its historical and prison contexts. Josiah Ober, Stanford institution summary – Socrates was each a loyal citizen (by means of his personal lights) and a critic of the democratic group’s way of doing issues. This led to a disaster in 339 B.C. so as to remember Socrates’ and the Athenian group’s actions (as mentioned by Plato and Xenophon) it is fundamental to take into account the historic and prison contexts, the democratic state’s commitment to the suggestion that citizens are resonsible for the outcomes of their movements, and Socrates’ reasons for preferring to reside in Athens in preference to in states that might (by his lights) have had substantively improved legal systems. Written for the Cambridge associate to Socrates. 050605 An Early Ptolemaic Land Survey in Demotic: P. Cair. II 31073 Andrew Monson, Stanford school Revised. See 010705, January 2007, edition 2. 050604 The Ptolemaic economy, institutions, financial integration, and the bounds of centralized political power JG Manning, Stanford tuition abstract – during this paper I focus on the relationship between the Ptolemaic state and financial construction. My strategy is recommended by way of New Institutional Economics (NIE) and also by way of insights provided by using financial Sociology. I argue that the incentive buildings that the Ptolemies based likely didn’t enable sustainable, or mixture, financial increase regardless of critical new fiscal associations, some capital investment in new agricultural areas, and the opportunity of latest know-how. I begin with a dialogue of associations and the Ptolemaic state, and flow on to discuss, briefly, traits and the structure of the financial system, before ending with an examination of the land tenure regime and the way it relates to performance. (This revised paper replaces version 1.0 posted in April 2005.) 050602 Royal Land in Ptolemaic Egypt: A Demographic model Andrew Monson, Stanford school Revised. See 010704, January 2007, edition 2. 040604 population and demography Walter Scheidel, Stanford school abstract – This paper offers a familiar overview of Greco-Roman inhabitants heritage. 040602 Coinage as ‘Code’ in Ptolemaic Egypt JG Manning, Stanford university This paper has been revised. Please see the 120603 entry. 030603 Texts, contexts, subtexts and interpretative frameworks. past the parochial and towards (dynamic) modeling of the Ptolemaic state and the Ptolemaic economy JG Manning, Stanford tuition abstract – My difficulty during this paper is the ancient interpretation of the Greek and demotic documentary papyri of the Ptolemaic length, the function of Archaeology in the context of Ptolemaic financial history, and the application of social science idea against an understanding of Ptolemaic Egypt. 020601 Republics between hegemony and empire: How historical city-states built empires and america doesn’t (anymore) Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution abstract – This paper discusses the concepts ‘empire’ and ‘hegemony’, provides a new model of the institutional constitution of historical ‘citizen-metropolis-state empires’, and argues that the contemporary united states can’t be described as an ‘empire’. 010603 Going with the Grain: Athenian State Formation and the question of Subsistence in the 5th and 4th Centuries BCE Ulrike Krotscheck, Stanford school summary: during this paper, I handle the function of Athenian grain change coverage as a driving ingredient of the metropolis’s becoming vigor within the fifth and 4th centuries. recent explanations of increasing Athenian hegemony and dominance over different poleis all the way through this time period have concentrated on the function of warfare. I latest an equally important, yet often-omitted factor: food provide. Athens was based on grain imports all through the Classical duration. via examination of the historic sources, I demonstrate that the expanding should relaxed subsistence items for Athens vastly propelled its ambition for vigor, inflicting a fundamental shift from a non- interventionist govt coverage to considered one of heavy intervention between the fifth and the 4th centuries BCE. This shift corresponded to an expanding complexity inside the mechanisms of the city’s politics. It helped propel Athenian state formation and affected the dynamic of power and politics within the historic Mediterranean world. 120516 felony Pluralism in Archaic Greece Kyle Lakin, Stanford college summary: The concept of prison pluralism argues that law’s characteristic in contemporary society should be understood as a negotiation between diverse units of felony orders operating simultaneously. This paper argues that archaic Greece, too, changed into a legally plural society and explores two negotiations as proof: 1) the relationship between Drakon’s homicide legislation and the process of blood-money negotiation; 2) the Gortyn legislation Code and oath-trials. 120511 defense force and political participation in archaic-classical Greece Ian Morris, Stanford tuition summary – in this paper I determine the “bargaining hypothesis” about democracy via calculating nd political participation ratios in Greece (MPR and PPR). I locate that high (>10%) MPR coincided with high PPR, however turned into just one course towards state formation. apart from in intense instances like the Persian invasion of 480, excessive MPR and PPR depended on selected patterns of capital accumulation and attention. In instances of high capital concentration rulers may exchange high spending for prime MPR and PPR, holding appealing social preparations. via time, the importance of capital concentrations grew. struggle made states and states made battle in historical Greece, as in early-modern Europe, but in different ways. 120510 The fall down and regeneration of advanced society in Greece, 1500-500 BC Ian Morris, Stanford university abstract – Greece between 1500 and 500 BC is some of the most desirable established examples of the phenomenon of the regeneration of advanced society after a collapse. I assessment 10 core dimensions of this procedure (urbanism, tax and rent, monuments, elite vigor, assistance- recording methods, trade, crafts, militia power, scale, and requisites of residing), and suggest that punctuated equilibrium fashions accommodate the information better than gradualist interpretations. 120509 The growth of Greek cities within the first millennium BC Ian Morris, Stanford school summary – during this paper I hint the growth of the greatest Greek cities from perhaps 1,000- 2,000 individuals originally of the primary millennium BC to 400,000-500,000 on the millennium’s end. I verify two frameworks for understanding this increase: Roland Fletcher’s dialogue of the interplay and communication limits to growth and Max Weber’s finest forms of cities’ financial capabilities. I argue that whereas political power become not ever the most effective engine of urban boom in classical antiquity, it become all the time probably the most critical motor. The size of the greatest Greek cities turned into a characteristic of the population they controlled, mechanisms of tax and appoint, and transportation expertise. 120508 The Athenian Empire (478-404 BC) Ian Morris, Stanford university summary – in this paper I lift three questions: (1) How, and the way lots, did the Athenian Empire change Greek society? (2) Why did the Athenian Empire (or a competitor state) no longer develop into a multiethnic empire like Persia or Rome? (three) in the long run, how a whole lot did the Athenian Empire’s failure matter? I conclude: (1) The Athenian Empire expanded the tempo of state formation in classical Greece and is most useful understood for example of state formation now not imperialism. (2) Counterfactual analysis means that Athens didn’t turn into the capital of a multi-city state because of human error, and as late as 406 BC the most predictable effect became that Athens would emerge as capital of an Ionian state. (3) now not a whole lot. 120507 The eighth-century revolution Ian Morris, Stanford college abstract – via many of the 20th century classicists noticed the 8th century BC as a length of most important adjustments, which they characterized as “modern,” but within the Nineties critics proposed more gradualist interpretations. in this paper I argue that while 30 years of fieldwork and new analyses inevitably require us to modify the framework dependent by using Snodgrass in the Seventies (a profound social and financial melancholy in the Aegean c. 1100-800 BC; predominant inhabitants boom in the eighth century; social and cultural transformations that established the parameters of classical society), it nonetheless continues to be essentially the most convincing interpretation of the proof, and that the thought of an 8th-century revolution remains positive 110508 true slave prices and the relative cost of slave labor within the Greco-Roman world Walter Scheidel, Stanford university abstract – This paper traces the construction of slave costs within the historical Mediterranean. In classical Athens, slave prices had been low relative to staple food and free wages have been high, whereas in Roman Egypt, slaves have been high priced compared to meals and free labor. high actual wages are conducive to the use of slave labor and account for its growth in archaic and classical Greece and Republican Rome. 110506 sex and empire: a Darwinian perspective Walter Scheidel, Stanford college summary – This paper attracts on evolutionary psychology to elucidate optimal causation in imperial state formation and predatory exploitation in antiquity and beyond. Differential entry to the ability of reproduction is shown to have been a key function of early imperial systems. 110504 The comparative economics of slavery within the Greco-Roman world Walter Scheidel, Stanford college summary – A comparative perspective improves our knowing of the vital determinants of the large-scale use of slave labor in distinct sectors of historical economies, including classical Greece and the Italian heartland of the Roman empire. This paper argues that the success of chattel slavery was a feature of the specific configuration of a few vital variables: the personality of definite forms of economic endeavor, the inducement device, the normative value gadget of a society, and the nature of commitments required of the free inhabitants. high precise wages and low slave expenses precipitated the expansion of slavery in classical Greece and Republican Rome, whereas later durations of Roman background may additionally have witnessed both a excessive-equilibrium level of slavery or its gradual erosion in the context of reduce wages and better costs. 110501 military commitments and political bargaining in historical Greece Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution summary – This paper explores the relationship between military commitments and political bargaining in Greek poleis and past. whereas it is possible to doc a number of situations of concurrent political and armed forces mobilization, comparative evidence suggests that state classification may be a more critical determinant of militia mobilization levels than regime classification. 110515 Thucydides and the invention of political science Josiah Ober, Princeton institution summary – Thucydides self-consciously invented a brand new variety of inquiry, which could fairly be known as “social and political science.” His highbrow goal changed into a new figuring out of vigor and its relationship to human agency and the deep structures of human society. His realizing of company and structure is in many ways reminiscent of the reflexivity conception developed by means of Anthony Giddens. 110514 Solon and the ‘Horoi’: facts on the floor in Archaic Athens Josiah Ober, Princeton college not attainable as a working paper. here’s now published as: Josiah Ober, "Solon and the Horoi." In J. Blok and A. Lardinois (eds.), Solon: New ancient and Philological perspectives (E.J. invoice: Leiden), 441-456. 110513 “I Besieged that Man”: Democracy’s revolutionary beginning. Josiah Ober, Princeton tuition summary – The origins of democracy at Athens may still be sought in a progressive moment in 508/7 B.C. and the following institutional reforms associated with Cleistehenes. An revised version of the argument first offered by the creator in "The Athenian Revolution of 508/7 B.C.E: Violence, Authority, and the Origins of Democracy," in C. Dougherty and L. Kurke (ed.), Cultural Poetics in Archaic Greece: Cult, efficiency, Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press 1993), 215-232. 110512 Democratic Athens as an Experimental gadget: historical past and the challenge of Political conception. Josiah Ober, Princeton institution abstract – Athens as a case examine can be useful as an “exemplary narrative” for political science and normative political, on the analogy of the biologicial use of as certain animals (e.g. mice or zebrafish) as “model techniques” subject to intensive examine by means of many researchers. 110511 The Ethics and Economics of Ptolemaic non secular Associations Andrew Monson, Stanford institution summary – This paper considers the financial fame of the individuals in Ptolemaic spiritual associations and presents a mannequin to clarify why they participated. Drawing on Charles Tilly’s comparative study of believe networks, I suggest that spiritual associations institutionalized informal ethical norms into formal rules that diminished the costs of transacting and facilitated cooperation amongst villagers. The rules concerning criminal disputes illustrate how associations exercised this energy and even tried to prevent the Ptolemaic state from intruding of their community. NB: This has been published in historical Society 36 (2006), 221-238. 050501 Land tenure, rural house, and the political economic climate of Ptolemaic Egypt (332 BC-30 BC) JG Manning, Stanford school abstract – in this paper I argue that statist (or “despotic”) assumptions of royal energy does now not correctly describe the character of political energy within the Ptolemaic construction of Egypt. I check the method of Ptolemaic state formation from the factor of view of the growth and the agreement of the Fayyum, the groundwork of Ptolemais within the Thebaid, and from the aspect of view of recent fiscal associations. 040501 The Ptolemaic economic climate, associations, economic integration, and the bounds of centralized political energy JG Manning, Stanford institution Revised might also 2006. See entry 050604..

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